Appellate Court Rules Insurers Not on the Hook for Air Ambulance Reimbursement Rates
The Austin Court of Appeals issued a decision in a case involving the high prices that air ambulances charge Texas workers’ compensation insurers.
Workers’ compensation insurance is a heavily regulated line of insurance. In fact, the state-mandated insurance policy requires workers’ compensation insurers to pay lifetime medical costs for injured workers, but also mandates that they pay whatever state law requires. State law, in turn, requires that the Texas Department of Insurance (TDI), Division of Workers’ Compensation (DWC) develop a fee schedule designed, among other things, to contain medical costs and not cross-subsidize any other payors. TDI enforced the payment of 125 percent of Medicare for payments to air ambulances. The air ambulances challenged this fee based on a federal law that deregulated the commercial airline industry so that those airlines could compete on price for travelers and shipping. The air ambulances use this law to attempt to recover their full billed charges (which are often 500 percent or more of their costs).
The appellate court agreed with the air ambulances on one thing: that the federal law preempts the state fee mandate. However, the court did not order the insurers to pay billed charges. In finding that the Airline Deregulation Act applied, the court relied on several cases from other jurisdictions that reach the same result (although many of them are still on appeal). And none of these courts has ordered insurers to pay billed charges either. In fact, if in the end the state laws are actually preempted by a federal act, participants face a void: no court would have apparent authority to order the insurers to pay anything other than their contractual obligation to pay state-set charges.
“The struggle to contain sky-high air ambulance prices continues in many contexts, as it will in this one,” said Mary Nichols, senior vice president and general counsel for Texas Mutual. “The Texas workers’ compensation system is one of the best in the nation, due to its carefully designed balance of interests. Inserting unlimited medical costs into that system does serious damage to the system, and thus to those conscientious employers of Texas who choose to protect their workers with workers’ compensation insurance.”
Source: Texas Mutual Insurance Company
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